Alcohol is a powerful Psychoactive Chemical I.e. Ethanol that can have a wide range of adverse effects on almost every aspect of your life, including health, Finances, family & children.
If someone loses control over drinking & has excessive desire to drink its known as dependent drinking i.e. alcoholism. Dependent drinking usually affects person’s quality of life & relationships, but they may not always find it easy to see or accept this.
Following are the criteria.
Tolerance : - Severely dependent drinkers are often able to tolerate high level of alcohol in amount that would dangerously affect or even kill some people
Withdrawal symptoms : - A dependent drinker usually experiences physical & psychological withdrawal symptoms if they suddenly cut down or stop drinking
CAGE Criteria : - Even if one criteria present, you have to stop alcohol use
If you feel to Cut down the alcohol use
If Other people (Annoyed by) criticizing your drinking
If you feel Guilty or bad about your drinking
If you require Early morning drink to steady your nerves or get rid of hangover
All dimensions of the life of an alcohol user & his family gets disturbed.
We provide Some people intensive rehabilitation & recovery support for a period after they stop drinking completely. We have 24/7 residential programme for these patients.This type of intensive treatment is usually reserved for people with medium or high levels of alcohol dependence, and particularly those who have received other forms of help previously that have not been successful.We have one of the best psycho-social-rehabilitation model for these patients. How alcohol misuse is treated depends on how much alcohol a person is drinking.
We divide this in two parts
A) Detox : -
Treatment of withdrawal once patient is admitted for alcohol deaddiction. Our strategy is to stop alcohol use completely & immediately & deal with withdrawal. We have all hospital facilities in house so we don’t need to send the patient to hospital for treating withdrawal as most deaddiction centres do. We have 24 hrs doctors & nurses in case of any emergency.
Withdrawal symptoms start with tremors, palpitations, restlessness, disturbed sleep then hallucinations or seeing images, confusion, delirium & convulsions if not treated properly. During detox you will be given plenty of fluids, IV or orally & replacement medicines like chlordiazepoxide, Lorazepam etc.
B) Rehab : -
The Anti craving agents : -
Antabuse treatment : - We also use Tb Disulfiram in willing patients who want to quit alcohol but unable to quit. Disulfiram can be used if you are trying to achieve abstinence but concerned with relapse, or if you have had relapses.
Disulfiram works by deterring you from drinking by causing unpleasant physical reaction if you drink alcohol like Nausea, vomiting, Chest pain, dizziness sometimes low BP etc.
Supportive medications : - We have to find out underlying psychological problem like bipolarity or personality & treat it accordingly which produces great effects on alcoholic’s life.
Usually treatment is advised with counselling for 6 months to 1 year after discharge from the centre.
If you are aiming to moderate your drinking it’s a good idea to keep a drinking diary
On daily basis, make a note of all the alcoholic drinks you’ve had.
What time you had them.
Where you were.
How many units you drank.
This will give you a good idea of how much alcohol you’re drinking, the situations in which you drink, & how you could start to cut down
Alcohol Misuse means drinking excessively--- More than lower risk limits of ALCOHOL CONSUPTION
Lower risk limits : - 1 Unit of alcohol is 10 ml of Pure alcohol
Which means half pint of beer or A peg of 30ml of whisky or similar drinks
To keep your risk of alcohol harm low We advice Less than14 units of alcohol a week i.e. 14 small pegs of 30 ml If you want to drink 14 units, its best to spread evenly over the week over three or more day a week
If you want to reduce the amount of alcohol you drink, it’s good to have several alcohol-free days each week.
Regular drinking means drinking almost every day each week The risk to your health is increased by drinking any amount of alcohol on a regular basis
If you have a normal tolerance for alcohol & not dependent following are the effects of alcohol on body
After drinking 1-2 units of alcohol, your heart rate speeds up & your blood vessels expand, giving you the warm, sociable & talkative feeling associated with moderate drinking.
After drinking for to 6 units of alcohol, it begins to affect the part of your brain & nervous system, associated with your judgement & decision-making causing u to be more reckless & uninhibited.The alcohol also impairs the cells in the nervous system, making you feel light headed & adversely affecting your reaction time & co ordination
8to 9 units
After drinking 8-9 units of alcohol, your reaction time will be much slower, your speech will begin to slur & alter vision, that will lose focus.
Your liver which filters alcohol out of your body will be unable to remove all of the alcohol overnight, so it’s likely, u will wake up with a hangover.
After drinking 10-12 units of alcohol, your co-ordination will be highly impaired, placing u at serious risk of having an accident.
The high level of alcohol has a depressant effect on both mind & body, which makes u drowsy.
This amount of alcohol will begin to reach toxic levels, your body attempts to quickly pass out the alcohol in your urine, this will cause dehydration in morning which may cause severe headache. The excess amount of alcohol in your system can also upset your digestion leading to symptoms of nausea vomiting, diarrhoea & indigestion
More than 12 units: -
If you drink more than 12 units of alcohol, you are at considerable risk of developing alcohol poisoning, particularly if you are drinking may units over short period of time.
It usually takes the liver about an hour to remove one unit of alcohol from the body.
Alcohol poisoning occurs when excessive amount of alcohol starts to interfere with body’s automatic functions such as breathing, heart rate, gag reflex which prevents u choking. Alcohol poisoning can cause a person to fall into coma & could lead to their death
Kindling is a problem that can occur following a number of episodes of withdrawal of alcohol. The severity of a person’s withdrawal symptoms may get worse each time they stop drinking & cause symptoms such as tremors, agitation, & convulsions.
Alcohol has a supressing effect on brain & nervous system. Research has shown that when alcohol has removed from body it activates brain & nervous system, resulting in excessive excitability, this can lead to behavioural symptoms such as seizures. With each alcohol withdrawal episode, the brain & nervous system becomes more sensitized & the resulting side effects become more pronounced.